Sociometric Study of Intragroup Relations in a Work Group

  • Gelmar García Vidal Universidad Tecnológica Equinoccial
  • Laritza Guzmán Vilar Investigadora independiente
  • Reyner Francisco Pérez Campdesuñer Universidad Tecnológica Equinoccial
  • Betty Alexandra Rivera Rivera Universidad Tecnológica Equinoccial
Keywords: Organizational behavior, groups, intragroup relations, sociometry

Abstract

The aim of this study is to explore intragroup relations in retail. The article conduct a sociometric analysis that takes into account labor and affective criteria, using the probability theory method and the UCINET program. In so doing the paper observe that the group, despite having been formally established for more than five years, does not display any solid indicators of high cohesion. The article observe that formal authority and informal leadership do not coincide and that there are two group factions in both criteria, which supports the finding of low cohesion. But despite these deficiencies in terms of cohesion, paper do not find any completely ignored or solitary individuals; as such, the group has established relations that can be improved. To this end, group cohesion should be promoted through a work design that facilitates interaction between individuals and rewards group results, all of which will serve to enhance the performance of this group.

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Author Biographies

Gelmar García Vidal, Universidad Tecnológica Equinoccial
Profesor a tiempo completo de la Facultad de Ciencias Amdinistrativas
Laritza Guzmán Vilar, Investigadora independiente
Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Sede Santo Domingo
Reyner Francisco Pérez Campdesuñer, Universidad Tecnológica Equinoccial
Profesor a tiempo completo de la Facultad de Ciencias Amdinistrativas
Betty Alexandra Rivera Rivera, Universidad Tecnológica Equinoccial
Estudiante de la carrera de Administración de Empresas y Negocio

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Published
2018-11-22
How to Cite
García Vidal, G., Guzmán Vilar, L., Pérez Campdesuñer, R., & Rivera Rivera, B. (2018). Sociometric Study of Intragroup Relations in a Work Group. Journal of Business, Universidad Del Pacífico (Lima, Peru), 10(2), 48-69. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21678/jb.2018.793